A major release of 2010 U.S. Census data today includes interesting information about the growth of Nebraska's minority populations. Mike Tobias of NET News talks one-on-one with census expert David Drozd about these new numbers. Drozd is research coordinator for the University of Nebraska at Omaha Center for Public Affairs Research.
David Drozd, UNO Center for Public Affairs Research
Below is part of Drozd's summary of the newly-released census information.
Age Data by Race and Gender
The percentage of the population that is minority (non-White or Hispanic/Latino) increased between 2000 and 2010 in each 5-year age category (under 5 years through 85 or older). The minority population comprises more than 30 percent of those under age 5 in 2010, roughly triple the percentage in 1990. Four Nebraska counties are "majority-minority" for those under age 5, and eight counties have 40 percent or more of their youngest children being minority.
Minority females increased at a slightly faster rate than minority males, with larger differences among those aged 15-34. All female 5-year age groups below age 70 increased by at least 40 percent over the decade. All minority 5-year age groups increased by at least 35 percent from 2000 to 2010, whereas several White non-Hispanic 5-year age groups lost population and children under 5 had virtually no change.
2000 to 2010 population increases among Nebraska's fastest growing racial/ethnic group of Hispanic/Latino were evenly divided among men and women. This stands in stark contrast to the 1990s when gains among Hispanic men were about 7,100 more than for Hispanic women.
The Nebraska White non-Hispanic (majority) population actually had a decline in the number of females. While the White non-Hispanic population grew overall by about 5,300 over the decade, this stemmed from an increase of about 7,300 White non-Hispanic men while White non-Hispanic females declined by 2,000. Differences exist by size of county, with less populous counties tending to lose relatively more females, while metropolitan counties gained both White non-Hispanic males and females. There are more males than females in Nebraska for each 5-year age group under age 45, while older age groups became somewhat more similar regarding numbers of males and females than in the recent past.
While 50 percent of the state's White non-Hispanic population resides in the state's most populous three counties of Douglas, Lancaster and Sarpy, these "big 3" counties contain more than 60 percent of the state's population aged 20-24 and 25-29. Conversely, they only contain 35 percent of the state's 85 and older population.
There were more Black non-Hispanic men than women in 2010; in 2000 the opposite was true. The change stems mostly from larger gains among men aged 15-34.
Origins and Heritage
Of the 167,405 Hispanic/Latino Nebraskans in 2010, more than 128,000 listed a Mexican heritage. This equates to slightly more than 75 percent, similar to 2000. More than 8,600 state Guatemalan, along with 6,000 Salvadoran, 3,200 Puerto Rican, 2,100 Cuban, and nearly 1,000 listing Columbian - each of these groups besides Puerto Rican increased by at least 145 percent since 2000, roughly double the overall Hispanic/Latino increase of 77 percent.
Nebraskans listed specific Asian categories of 7,900 Vietnamese, 5,900 Asian Indians, 4,500 Chinese, and 2,700 each Filipino and Korean. A new category for 2010 shows nearly 2,200 Burmese. Asian Indian was the fastest growing of these groups, increasing by more than 80 percent over the decade.
Households that contain three or more generations are becoming more prevalent in Nebraska. There are now more than 16,000 "multigenerational" Nebraska households in 2010, an increase of nearly 50 percent from 2000.
Nebraska 2010 homeownership rates were higher than in 2000 for households headed by someone relatively younger (under 35), while homeownership rates declined among older households. As in 2000, those aged 65 to 74 are most likely to own their residence, with more than 80 percent of Nebraska householders of this age being a homeowner.
Homeownership rates increased most among Asian non-Hispanic households (+4.5 percentage points), followed by Hispanic households (+3.0 percentage points) and White non-Hispanic households (+0.6 percentage points). The homeownership rate among Black non-Hispanics declined 4.2 percentage points. More than 70 percent of White non-Hispanic households own their residences, compared to less than 45 percent of minority households.
Nebraska census information from the University of Nebraska at Omaha Center for Public Affairs Research
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