Rural states working to recruit law school grads back to the country

Robert Moodie, 89, joined the family business when he returned to West Point, Nebraska to practice law in 1952. His father and uncle were lawyers. His grandfather, Plinymore Moodie, established the family’s legal practice in West Point in 1886. (Photo by Grant Gerlock, NET News/Harvest Public Media)
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November 21, 2016 - 6:45am

If you’re looking for some good legal advice, you may have to look a little harder if you live in the country.  Attorneys are getting harder to come by in rural areas, but Nebraska is trying to recruit more lawyers back to small towns.


Over the last decade or more, fewer young attorneys have chosen to set up shop in small towns and take over for retiring professionals. Just like the shortages of doctors, nurses, dentists, even farmers to some extent, rural areas are seeing a shortage of young lawyers.

“Ten counties in Nebraska have no lawyers at all,” said Lyle Koenig, an attorney from West Point, and co-chair of the Rural Practice Initiative at the Nebraska Bar Association. Another 19 counties have three attorneys or fewer according to a count made by the Nebraska Bar. “You don’t have access to justice because you don’t have access to lawyers,” Koenig said.

Koenig has helped develop the Rural Law Opportunities Program (RLOP), a new effort to recruit country lawyers. Each year, 15 scholarships will be available to high-school graduates to attend college at Chadron State College, Wayne State College, or the University of Nebraska at Kearney. If they keep their grade point average at 3.5 or higher, and score well enough on the entrance exam, the students will be guaranteed acceptance to the University of Nebraska-Lincoln College of Law.

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This map of Nebraska prepared by the state Bar Association shows counties where the shortage of attorneys is most acute. (Image courtesy the Nebraska Bar Association)

Koenig says Wayne State is recruiting current students to fill its scholarship slots right away. The other schools will start bringing students on scholarship next fall.

RLOP is modeled after the Rural Health Opportunities Program, which makes a similar offer to recruit rural students to become small-town doctors. Koenig thinks the lesson there will also apply to the law.

“If you start with kids that come from the country in the first place, there is a very good chance they will come back to the country to practice law,” Koenig said.

Lisa Pruitt studies rural law issues at the University of California Davis School of Law.

Pruitt surveyed law students in Arkansas and found a divide among those from rural areas. Some were bound and determined to leave their rural roots behind. “But the flip side of that particularly with rural students was this was their calling,” Pruitt said. “They wanted to go back and serve their community.”

Those are the kinds of students that may respond to the perks offered in Nebraska’s RLOP.

Pruitt has heard about rural lawyer shortages in states like Maine, Georgia, Iowa, Montana, and Alaska. The stories suggest a widespread problem, although she says good data is somewhat scarce. Data collection is inconsistent from state to state.

In places where there is a documented shortage, Pruitt says it is an important problem to solve because it puts residents at a legal disadvantage.

“Especially if the other side is the federal government, the state government, or a corporate interest, or, you know, even a local school board,” Pruitt said.

Institutions like that are going to have a lawyer. Hiring an attorney to an area running low on legal experts likely means paying someone to drive in.

District Judge Derek Weimer covers a five-county area of western Nebraska where he says some counties only have one lawyer, the same person who is the county prosecutor. When the court needs a public defender, it has to pay for a hundred miles or more of “windshield time,” that is, time spent on the road not in court.

“And that’s an expense to that particular county,” Weimer said. “In a juvenile court case for example you might have an attorney for mom, an attorney for dad, an attorney for the juvenile, and a guardian ad litem for the juvenile. Well, there’s four attorneys.”

Lyle Koenig (left) helped create the Rural Law Opportunities Program in Nebraska in hopes more rural students will fill the shoes of country lawyers like Robert Moodie nearing the end of their careers. (Photo by Grant Gerlock, NET News/Harvest Public Media)


Bracht Law, where Robert Moodie keeps an office, sits on Main Street in West Point, Nebraska. While Cuming County has a stable supply of attorneys, neighboring areas have seen declining numbers. (Photo by Grant Gerlock, NET News/Harvest Public Media)

States are searching for solutions. In addition to the new scholarship program, Nebraska offers summer internships to match law students with rural firms. So does Iowa, North Dakota and some other states. South Dakota offers a stipend to lawyers who will work in underserved areas.

Without making a stronger effort, there is a concern that young lawyers will be less likely to replace experienced legal professionals who have been serving some rural communities for decades.

Robert Moodie is probably the most experienced attorney in Cuming County, in northeast Nebraska. Moodie, who will turn 90 years-old next year, is still on the job doing real estate and inheritance law. He works out of a storefront office in the farming town of West Point. Standing on the cobblestone Main Street the smell of nearby cattle feedlots perfumes the air.

Moodie’s family has been practicing law in West Point since 1886. Part of what keeps him on the job is that connection to the town and the time he has spent working with schools, churches, and community groups.

“I wouldn’t think of going to Lincoln or Omaha to practice law,” Moodie said. “I think a small town is the place to be, to be part of the community.”

That’s the same kind of connection that drew Tyler Pribbeno back to his hometown of Imperial in southwest Nebraska. Pribbeno, 31, returned after law school to be close to home, and because he didn’t’ want to be pigeonholed into a specialty like he might have been at a larger city firm.

“I wanted to do a little bit of everything, and I guess I didn’t want to be married to the job as soon as I got done with a rigorous law school program,” Pribbeno said.

Life is slower in a small town, Pribbeno says. Slower than many may like. For starters, there aren’t many restaurants or movie theaters to choose from.

“You just make your trips elsewhere, but once you get used to not being able to go to the grocery store for milk at midnight, you get accustomed to it,” Pribbeno said.

One thing Pribbeno says he has been able to find is plenty of legal work. To fill the lawyer shortage in Nebraska, more rural students will need to see the same opportunity.


Harvest Public Media is a reporting collaboration focused on issues of food, fuel and field. Harvest covers these agriculture-related topics through an expanding network of reporters and partner stations throughout the Midwest.

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